The water treatment plant is used to treat surface water or groundwater, the raw composition of which is unsuitable for drinking.
surface water treatment- removal of colloid dispersions and macromolecular organic substances
groundwater treatment– removal of carbon dioxide, iron, manganese, radioactive radon etc.
Technological processes of raw water treatment:
- Removal of iron and manganese
- Chemical treatment (coagulation and flocculation)
- Water disinfection
Sanitary treatment of water is performed using physical-chemical and chemical methods.
- Physical-chemical: heat, UV radiation, oligodynamic action of heavy metals ions
- Chemical: chlorine and its compounds, ozone, other oxidising agents